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Gastrointestinal Tract: Disorders of Motility



Abstract

Gastrointestinal tract disorders are common in children and may exist among adults. This is mainly because of an immature gastrointestinal tract that leads to physiology reflux, especially, among toddlers, babies, and children. There are various causes of this condition. Therefore, a health specialist needs to acquaint himself or herself with all the facts regarding this condition, before treating a patient. This paper looks at the pathophysiology of the gastrointestinal tract disorders, the causes, diagnosis, and treatment, and later develops a mind map for the condition.

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Pathophysiology of the Gastrointestinal Tract Disorders

The pathophysiology of the gastrointestinal tract disorders may be either stimulatory or inhibitory. Many of the inhibitors and stimulators show redundant control. There is little information about the pathophysiology of the disorder. Gastric acid facilitates the digestion of proteins and the absorption of some foods such as iron, vitamin B12, and calcium. This gas also helps suppress bacterial infections on the intestines, preventing bacteria overgrowth. The pathophysiology stimulation occurs as follows; aroma, thoughts, taste, and sight of food activate the cephalic phase. Gastric mechanisms mostly mediate this response.

The second phase is the blocking of gastric action as receptors mediate the chemical effects of food. The last phase is the intestinal phase accounting for a small proportion of the acid response to food. The main mediators of this phase remain controversial (Ghajarie Sepanlou, et al, 2011). There are changes that occur to gastric acid stimulation and production with GERD, PUD, and gastritis. They include the stimulation of gastric acid secretion to produce extra acid (Huether, & McCance, 2012). This acid causes injury to small intestines and causes symptoms of some of these disorders such as heartburn (Porth, 2010).

There are more differences between these conditions than the similarities. The most common thing in all three is that they are because of the abnormal production of gastric acid. The difference between gastritis and PUD is that gastritis is an irritation to the stomach wall while Peptic Ulcer is ulcerations of the lining of the stomach. The diagnosis method for gastritis is endoscopy, where the specialist looks for red speckling all over the stomach.

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On the other hand, PUD creates a hole in the stomach lining; the diagnosis method is perforation. This makes PUD more painful than gastritis. GERD shares similar symptoms with gastritis with a difference in that the heartburn may be because of GERD being more painful and constant. Overall, both PUD and gastritis may be common to patients with GERD.

Relationship between Gender and Gastrointestinal Disorders

There is medical evidence that shows a relationship between gender and gastrointestinal disorders. For GERD and GASTRITIS, which cause stomach irritation, most cases are among women. PUD tends to occur mainly in men. There is no clear reason for this with the most suitable explanation being the behavior of men and women. Most smokers are men, and the risk of acquiring the disease correlates positively with smoking. Back to gender and gastrointestinal disorders; Women have different physiology from men and suffer from psychological stress more easily than men do. Stress could be the reason that triggers the production of gastric acid in women increases the chances of getting these disorders (McPhee & Papadakis, 2010).

The factors affect the pathophysiology of the three disorders by increasing gastric acid production. I would use symptoms to identify GERD, endoscopy to diagnose gastritis and perforation to diagnose PUD in this category of patients. I would recommend treatment that increases the mucous protection layer in the intestines and those that decrease the production of gastric acid to normal levels. For some of these disorders, the doctor has to wait until the symptoms are clear before recommending medicine. This is because they may or may not be the cause of the digestive issues a person is experiencing (Buie, et al 2010; Lomax, Sharkey & Furness, 2010).

Conclusion on Gastrointestinal Disorders

In conclusion, gastrointestinal disorders are common among young children, and some adults experience these disorders. Many people do not think it might be the cause of the vomiting and other digestion disorders, which gives it a chance to develop. There is the challenge of identifying some of these disorders, and doctors have to wait until the symptoms are clear before administering any medication.

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