The Issue of Performance Decline in Aging Athletes
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The term aging athlete implies an athlete who has an age deemed to be after that of the peak performance within an occurrence of a particular sporting event. Therefore the psychological analysis herein gives an argumentative for and in opposition to the damages of the recovery together with the impairments which result in the aging of game participation of an individual older than the age of 50 years. For any physical training that may include the fatigue process and other breakdowns with a resulting recovery process, an efficient and important point is demonstrated in the mechanism of aging which may cause an influence on the aging athletics. Since the skeletal muscle can give a contractile element to support sporting performance, then more research, particularly on the aging of the skeletal muscles, have addressed issues that are associated with the physical exercise to provide what is to happen to the age-related disparities in the recovery. These recovery processes are more particularly incorporated in the psychological parameters of aging and fatigue (Kenney, Wilmore, Costill, & Wilmore, 2012).
In any activity which may involve either sports or academic/education, the learners and more specifically children are chronologically grouped to enhance an early age sport-related activity. For example in the case of Spain, a child born in either January or December will actively compete in sports regardless of the age differences. The Spanish football competition is made in a way that if there is any club in the country, then it is made of A and B with beginners and finalists in the two clubs respectively. The only differences arise only from the differences in both physical development, emotional growth, and the intelligence between the eldest and the youngest group or team. Therefore any difference in age, however, small may lead to major discrepancies in anthropometric of variables in terms of the height, body weight among others. Other factors may include physical development like strength and speed.
In any sporting or game activity, training is intended to make an imbalance of the homeostasis of the functional system in an individual and the consequent fatigue that may occur naturally (Smith & Norris, 2002). The fatigue occurrences should result in adaptations which may prepare one for a possible future physical offends with a steady hope of enhanced performance. It is therefore important that a recovery on the principles be attained for an optimal effect of a convenient training without impairing any adaptations which may lead to lower performances. The recoveries from a training exercise are alleged to take less than 24 hours for more than 28 days when responding to an acute session of training. Even though the physiological response of muscle and blood samples cannot be monitored in relation to training, the measure may not be found significant in predicting the performance standards due to the complex issues of the biological adaptation processes.
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The cognitive skills, which may include game analysis and other tactics for strategic performances and finally the psychological development like the emotional state or the social skills. If a case analysis is taken from the Spanish sports, the performances at the world cup level have been more disappointed as compared to the performances of footballers at the age of under-20 or under-17. In the European champions, footballers at the age of under-20m have always managed to score and make the best performance.
This can be interrelated with the age factor in that at the higher age level of the performers; the results are seen diminishing without a reasonable win compared to the youthful games/matches. Even though the age has not had a likelihood of blaming the Spanish national team as to that of the youths, many countries have made criticism on the damage done on the youthful team which is being wasted instead of using the potential to attain higher results in football before the aging period that will result to lower performance as the then national team.
The relative age of the player is recognized to increase with the increase in the relative age and the individual competencies leading to an inner motivation to perform. However, children who are alleged to be late-born then failure may increase the rate at which dropping out is noted in any youngest player. Therefore, the biological maturation age is highly considered in conducting the selection of the players. This is important since it considers the fact of functional capacity and the ability to use any acquired skills conveniently.
If one considers the case of adolescence, variation in skeletal age in relation to the chronological age is proved to exceed by only two years between a faster mature, a late-born and an early born thus the chronological year mean maturation differences. A supported analysis shows that any performer is capable of making compensatory adaptation as seen in the development of the human life span which is depicted as dynamic. This is possible through the balancing gains and losses of the human being which may lead to compensation as a result of appropriate performance with enough experience (Katherine & Victoria, 2008).
Performance is entirely dependent on the stimuli to quality and quantity training and the extent to which the recovery leads to optimal adaptive levels. This is demonstrated by the impact of potential recovery differences due to the aging on the ability to deliver at any given position of an acute exercise. Therefore, the fatigue and recovery patterns are likely to be influenced by the physiological variables and the state of training intensity or the duration for indulging the stimuli to the training condition. For example, in an experiment conducted for a comparison between young and older individuals on the recovery, the results we're able to show that even though maximum voluntary contraction and the vertical jump was in a reduced level after a similar exercise, then the rate at which muscles were relaxed after an electrical stimulation showed a significant reduction in the aging group due to a metabolic recovery of the aging.
However, many theories may define the decline of age with skill; his total performance is found to remain the same because of the high reliance on the performance aspects. This is in relation to the study and play of the chess game and the typist. A skilled old player could perform as the younger one despite the age deficiencies. Since the older one is able to give a compensatory response to the declining memory through more and accurate processing of the information. Similarly, the typists are found to make compensation on the age-related decline by scanning ahead of the text and this allows for the start of the keystroke preparation.
Various studies in North America have shown an aging trend with high expectations of people with more than sixty-five years expected to double by the year 2026. This may result in a high risk of spending a portion of their age in complete dependence (Foot & Stoffman, 1996). The function ability of the muscle strength, memory and other body reactions are seen to reduce with the aging period. However, the cognitive and motor functioning of an aging person can be maintained at a higher level given that there is a continuous involvement in sports-like activities.
The research focused on the athletics for a track performer showed that age-related performer reduces with the increase in age number especially in athletics events like track events (Hodges & Kerr, 1999). The domain of decline is based on both the physiological and biological factors. Contrary, sports are highly determined on the motor and cognitive and not age-related decreases. Other reports have indicated that the aging capacity of a player does not hinder the ability to perform but what makes the differences is the ability to send and reconnect the contact information on the game that is being played and the state of motion at the event of the play. Therefore the experts say that there is a need for the aging player to rely on the visual cue of the opponent in order to predict the next position of the ball in the game (Hudson & Fitzgerald, 2008).
In a comparison done with the older women who take part majorly in the lawn bowel with some controls, it showed that the long term participation in the activity could see and prevent frailty. It was therefore discovered that falls have potential consequences more especially in older people due to the decline in muscle function and postural posture hence poor strength of the muscles. However, continuous performing of an exercise has been discovered to improve the muscle reducing the fall incidence among aging people. Even though fall prevention has been possible through a balanced training and other target strength, it is true that less performed activities could avoid physical frailty which finally leads to falls. Therefore any old person who is active even once in a week is capable of controlling his/her posture and the functionality of the muscle (Sharkey & Gaskill, 2006).
Many perceptions have been noted from different older athletes that aging affects the process of recovery in a more negative manner. This has always shown aging as an integral Section of a physical training exercise with arguments that for the possible recovery of impairment with aging issues are much greater for older muscles when it comes to exercising induced skeletal muscle injuries for slower recovery or adaptation in relation to the responses. However, this is found to be a bit difficult as the exercise indulged in monitoring the process is not indicative of a usual stimuli training for athletics (Hudson & Fitzgerald, 2008).
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In an athletic competition game attended in the international Masters Game Association in the year 2005, the number could show steady growth with a great interest in maintaining great levels of improved physical performance in an individual’s life span. Aging is significantly accompanied by a decline in the capacity for physical functioning (Aniansson & Sperling, 1980). Similarly, there is a belief that athletics who continuously train to their old age the recovery changes their performances significantly. Therefore various studies have shown significant training targets of improving the physical performances and hence making an integral recovery process so attainable. In the case of impairment, an old athlete would be more disadvantageous to the process of training, therefore (James & Andrew, 2008).
Studies and other examinations on the causes of the decline of athletic performances have shown that an increase in age perception reduces the ability to observe motion. One of the limitations of perceptual aging is the consideration of the information process and not the study of both the perceptual, response process and response execution. The maintenance of a skill can be faced with the perception of advanced aging. If an individual is not too much involved in any training or competition either in football, athletics, or any other sporting activity, then there is a possibility of aging with a reduction in the ability to attain higher performance results. It is evident that skilled perception is not impervious to an equal rate of age-related reduction. However, the nature of skilled for athletes in time-bound, making of decisions may be akin to a problem-solving task. On the other hand, experts are therefore seen to rely mostly on the visual information dependent on the opponent especially in the cases of goalkeepers among others (Baker, 2009).
Finally, the general ability of the athletes in motion which may be seen as reducing and decline in speed can be maintained at a higher or greater degree with a perceived speed task and motion information of an athletic with greater commitments and other determinations to maintain and attain high performances. The psychological analysis related to a player or a sports person of more than 50 years in age is found to be influenced by fatigue process and other breakdowns with a resulting recovery process which is importantly demonstrated in the mechanism of aging which causes an influence on the aging athletics. Therefore, the skeletal muscle gives a contractile element to support sporting performance with more aging of the skeletal muscles and has addressed the issues that are associated with the physical exercise to provide what happens to the age-related disparities in the recovery. Lastly, these recovery processes are more particularly incorporated in the psychological parameters of aging and fatigue.
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