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Homeless and Drug Addiction in Mental Health


Societies around the globe struggle to find solutions to drug addiction and homelessness. Drug addiction problems can be termed as consequences or causes of homelessness. At other times, they can be referred to as complications towards maintaining stable housing. In 2013, approximately 600,000 persons were homeless, and 25% of homeless individuals were mentally ill (Tsai, O'Toole, & Kearney, 2017).

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The case profoundly affects young adults and adolescents, starting from twelve years. Low-earning mentally-ill patients are on the rise in current society. Homelessness and addiction are refueled by psychosocial and environmental factors, making these factors either causes or consequences of the prospects. The study analyzes the cultural and socio-economic aspects that contribute to drug addiction and homelessness in mentally-ill patients as well as remedies towards the social determinants challenges.

Social Determinants to Use Client’s Analysis

Culture mainly influences homelessness and drug addiction among mental health patients. Cultural issues can be sub-divided into drug-specific and non-drug specific ones. In most cases, cultural influences revolve around neoliberalism, individualism, and secularism. Cultural factors, including familial, immigration, and religious expansion, invoke drug use and addiction among the individuals who are mentally ill. A person further alienates themselves from others, leading to a loss of social support (Oppenheimer, Nurius, & Green, 2016).

The environment may also prompt an individual to find themselves further from social institutions and systems as well as social cohesion and inclusion systems. The drug-specific cultural influences affecting the individual may be diagnosed around settings, historical times, as well as group characteristics. The people are likely to be unemployed; thus, the lack of social support systems may render them homeless.

Income inequality and low socio-economic status are commonly associated with reduced well-being and health, especially in health and drug-use outcomes (Tsai et al., 2017). Individuals born in low socio-economic status are distributed in disadvantaged groups or between generations. Economic situations can lead to chronic stress, which could be the basis for mental health issues. Individuals who have grown up in families of low-economic status experience less supervision, and they are prone to drug availability and use. The conditions worsen if the economic situation of the individuals remains the same towards adulthood. The individual turns to drug addiction to cope with poverty.

Summary of Client’s Perceptions of Their Mental Health Disability Challenges

Drug addiction and homelessness in mentally-ill individuals are highly related and can be linked to community resilience. According to the client, the lack of social support and networks contributes to the homeless and persistence of drug addiction. Socio-economic status determines the physical environment (Oppenheimer et al., 2016). The client notes that housing, spatial patterns, physical disorders of communities, as well as public spaces promote drug use and homelessness in the community.

Analysis of the Client's Mental Health Challenges Using Evidence-based Data and Observations

Homelessness is a traumatic event that profoundly affects the individual suffering from mental illness. Growing up in a poverty made the client prone to the drug abuse problem. The lack of employment introduced the homelessness aspect (Tsai et al., 2017). The time spent being homeless improved psychiatric distress.

The community lacks programs that promote a sense of belonging, social activity, inclusion, and pro-social norms within the community settings (Moulin, Evans, Xing, & Melnikow, 2018). In this way, the client feels alone and seeks solace in the drugs. Globalization in the drug market has also made the youth powerless, leading to mental health problems, such as depression and increment in drug abuse.

Available Resources and Structures that the Client Has in Place

Human development support is crucial to help mentally-ill patients deal with homelessness and addiction. Nowadays, there are structures for youth and child development. For instance, the programs assist with the transition from education programs to employment. Such include safety nets and early interventions in terms of community support and early interventions (Oppenheimer et al., 2016). The cost-effective programs mainly focus on the youth and children who are prone to homelessness and addiction. It provides room for child and youth development.

Recommendations on a Possible Solution to the Client’s Situation

Addressing cultural aspects contributing to homelessness and drug addiction in mentally-ill individuals requires addressing the existing social group inequalities. It is crucial to highlight and handle social exclusion as well as the marginalization of drug-dependent or homeless individuals, thus facilitating a reduction in drug use and homelessness (Tsai et al., 2017). The healthcare sector should develop welfare programs and policies that promote community and individual resilience.

Low socioeconomic status should be addressed in terms of employment programs, education, as well as taxation programs, thus empowering people to a stable economic situation. The family, community, and nation should be involved in tackling poverty within communities (Oppenheimer et al., 2016). Intergeneration drug problem transmission caused by community inequities can be achieved through targeted and universal programs.

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Housing and home assistance programs can improve the mental health outcomes of homeless individuals. The intervention can result in a reduction in the number of in-patient visits in psychiatric hospitals (Oppenheimer et al., 2016). Moreover, training in cognition and social skills aid in maintaining and developing relations. It helps people suffering from mental health diseases, homelessness, and drug addiction.


Cultural and socio-economic aspects, including cultural influences, neoliberalism, individualism, and secularism, contribute to drug addiction and homelessness in mentally ill patients. Apart from that, drug addiction and abuse can be a consequence or cause of mental illnesses. The implications of problematic drug use can be varied and can be traced to the individual, community, or nation.

In this case, homelessness can result from drug use and homelessness. In this way, the interventions range from one individual to another. Society and state interventions bring in the societal changes that cater to the risk factors for drug abuse and homelessness for the mentally-ill individuals and society in general. Most importantly, the public system becomes the mediator that brings in social changes.