In terms of the world history, Adolf Hitler was a very bright and significant person, being German by nationality. The list of events connected with this person and actions performed by him made this man one of the most famous politicians and dictators of the twentieth century. The paper seeks to open some pages of the world history influenced and demolished by him and find out why even within several decades after his death he is still hated by millions of people all over the world. This research will discover important biographical facts concerning his personality. They became basic and principal in the formation of his individuality and helped Hitler add his name to the list of the cruelest and the most controversial strategists on the world.
To start with, some biographical facts from Adolf Hitler’s young years should be mentioned. His childhood had little in common with outrageous traits of the character he was to pick up and hold during his life, becoming a nationalist and racist. He was born in a small Austrian town not far from the German border on April 20, 1889. Hitler was the fourth child in the family, where his father worked as a custom official and was notable for his strong character that influenced all spheres of his life. However, Adolf found his real sanctuary near his mother, who became his closest friend, and the death of whom in 1908 turned out to be a great tragedy for him. Hitler had never been a scrupulous schoolboy, and had never greatly succeeded in studying. All these factors in total ended in his moving to Vienna in 1907, where he wanted to enter the Viennese Academy of Fine Arts, but his attempts came to nothing. These sorrow events led to deep depression that he had to overcome within the following few months.
Many specialists consider this period of Hitler’s life together with quickly developing nationalist ideas that were spread on the territory of Germany at that time the main factors in Adolf’s outlook formation in the way of German nationalist idea idolization (Giblin, 2006).
It is obvious that one cannot idealize this or that political tendency without an impact of some internal and external factors. He was one with unhappy fate, since his young years were spoilt by family troubles that affected his non-stable mental conditions and estrangement from society and the whole world. Those gaps in his soul were filled with German nationalist ideas. However, external factors turned out to be much more powerful (Kershaw, 1991).
After the death of Hitler’s father in 1903 and after his mother had passed away in 1907, Adolf became alone and forgotten orphan. Germany became his new family, which Hitler wanted to serve in the World War I. For the first time, Adolf Hitler felt that he was created for some high aim, and his personality can provide Germany with a great and strong leader. Being among volunteers, Hitler entered the German army, and as many of them, he longed for a short war that would be undoubtedly a victory of Germany. However, unfortunately, it did not come true. Hitler’s leadership peculiarities gave him an opportunity to stand as a head of one of the military units during his first engagement, when enemies were thousands of British and Belgians soldiers that Germans were to face near Yres. Most soldiers from the Hitler’s subdivision were struck down, but their leader came out dry without any injury. Many chronologists still emphasize the so-called “Hitler’s military luck”. No matter in what cruel battle he took part, he always managed to survive. However, his luck came to an end, when Hitler was wounded in leg in the course of the Battle of the Somme. He was sent to hospital and soon was charged with a duty in Munich. Being a warrior in his soul, mental or physical, he was eager to return to the front and be involved in military actions in March 1917. Hitler was nominated for a plenty of awards, particularly the Iron Cross First Class, but soon the news that the war was over and the fact that Germany was to be declared a republic came as an explosion to his mind and he plunged into depression again.
During this period, Adolf hesitated what kind of life he would live further. Having some success as a painter and possessing some experience before the war, he could not choose between the political career and the creative one. At that time, he faced the most crucial decision in his life. After having finished agitation courses, having impressed some anti-Semitic public speakers and having attracted attention of many Germans, all doubts disappeared. Though Hitler realized that there would be no way back, he entered the ranks of the German Workers’ Party and became a political leader in this way.
He introduced many new tendencies and ideas for party development. He was pleased neither with its structure, nor with the activities of people who worked there. He included all these views in one of the most famous works called Mein Kampf.