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Evidence-Based Practice Research Methods



Abstract

The impact of evidence-based practice has resonated across nursing practice. The call for evidence-based healthcare transformation and quality improvement emphasized the necessity for revamping care that is valuable, safe, and well-organized. In line manifold with direction-setting suggestions from state professionals, nurses have retorted to establish proposals that capitalize on the important contributions that nurses have fulfilled, can fulfill, and will fulfill in order to fully undertake the promise of evidence-based practice. Such proposals include model and theory development, development of a regional research network to monitor improvement and practice adoption. This paper briefly describes the EBP movement and takes into consideration its importance to nurses, defines why they need to understand research methods, and how they utilize the practice.

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Introduction

Evidence based practice is a system that uses those practices that have been developed as a result of research. In the beginning, this practice referred to medicine and was called evidence based medicine. These days, this type of practice has absorbed various other fields such as nursing, medicine and dentistry. Therefore, in nursing, most of the practices that will be referred to when talking about evidence based practice are more geared in the direction of quantitative, rather than qualitative and theoretical, findings.

Reasons that Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing is Important

One of the main reasons that evidence based practice in nursing is important is due to the changing nature of the world. For example, in the field of medicine, like in many other fields, it is often important to conduct constant research in order to stay up-to-date. In medicine particularly, there have been various changes in regards to the kinds of treatment of various diseases that are dependent on a number of factors. Therefore, in such a case, if there is only dependence on other sources of information, there is a likelihood that what used to work in the past may not work today. Therefore, when the nursing practice is more dependent on research, it should use the information that is up to date and hence accurate and effective (Bonner & Sando, 2008). However, it is suggested that when most of the practice is reliant on evidence based practice, there ought to be a technique through which the employed information can be validated. One of the most common challenges is the fact that multiple sources of information claim to be based on research, while in reality they are not.

An advantage of evidence based practice is in the fact that it provides a wider variety of options, all of which have been tested through the various researches conducted in the past. In the nursing career, there are various types of medication and nursing care that one has to be conversant with. Some of these factors are physical, mental or psychological. Therefore, for the nurses in this field to be most effective, it would be essential for them to adapt to the evidence based practice.

Types of Research Methods

There are several types of research methods that can and are being used across the globe and in various fields. The choice of the right kind of research method will often depend on the kind of study that is being conducted and the type of results that are to be obtained in the end (Haines, Kuruvilla & Borchert, 2004). For example, the main types of research methods are qualitative and quantitative. In the first case, the term ‘quality’ often means that the results that are obtained are to be understood and not interpreted in terms of numbers or measurable figures. Such research methods are often applied when study involves the behavior of living things. In quantitative research, on the other hand, the results are obtained in numerical or other measurable terms.

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As the name of the practice suggests, evidence based nursing will often rely on the results of various researches. It is, therefore, quite important that those in the nursing filed are conversant enough with the various types of research method. The main reason for this requirement is the fact that it will be helpful for them when it comes to the interpretation of the kind of practice that they are supposed to be applying during their careers (Haines, Kuruvilla & Borchert, 2004). Evidence based practice requires individuals to comprehend the whole procedure of research. This approach will enable them to separate various situations from each other. For example, in the process of dealing with mental illnesses, the employees will be able to use the knowledge gained from the research methods. Thus, they will be able to tell which kinds of practices are most effective for which kinds of patients.

Although some individuals may be found sharing the same problem, there are still several aspects that should be considered when looking for the right kind of treatment or therapy for them. For instance, the age at which they began to develop those problems, what has been done to prevent them in the past, and the conditions under which their problems thrive are some of the issues that should be under consideration by the nurses. For that reason, when the nurses are in a position to recognize these problems, it will be much easier to assist the patient, and this form of involvement will be more useful.

Nursing is one of the fields in medicine that will often call for a holistic approach. This approach means that when nurses are fulfilling their duties, they are required to provide their patients with more than just one kind of service, which is often physical healing (Roberts & Yeager, 2004). They will also often need to connect with the patient and help to heal them in other ways, such as psychologically and mentally. This is not made any easier by the fact that medicine and its solutions are constantly changing. The methods that may have been applicable 50 years ago may be viewed completely useless today. In the same way, something that is seen effective now may lose its use completely in the next 10 years. Therefore, nurses and their affiliates will often be keen on finding new ways in which the field of medicine as a whole can be improved. This approach can only be affected through constant and thorough research, thus calling on those, who are in this filed, to be conversant with research methods.

The Use of Research Based Practice in the Field of Advanced Nursing in Victorian Cohort in Australia

The article that has been selected for this case is concentrated to the use of research based practice in the field of advanced nursing in Victorian Cohort in Australia. The article has been written by Koschel et al. (2012) and appears in the Journal of Advanced Nursing. The aim of the article was to find out to what extent this kind of intervention had been able to assist the nurse. This paper is based on research that was conducted in the rural setting. Therefore, the evidence was obtained from various institutions, all of which would often incorporate nurses in their day-to-day activities. Such institutions include hospitals, nursing homes and any other relevant health organizations. The article was also focused merely on those institutions that had already begun to incorporate evidence based practice in their daily operations. The aim of the article was to find out the ways in which the research that was used by these institutions was conducted and how it was interpreted to deliver the right kind of findings.

As far as the development of the research based practice in Australia was concerned, it was found that this part of the world needed a lot of improvements. Although this practice had already been put into use, 1/3 of all institutions admitted that they already had members of staff who were conversant enough to carry out the research and the later interpret and assess its findings (Koschel et al., 2012). However, the majority of those who were interviewed revealed that, despite the fact that there were a few members of staff knowledgeable about these procedures, they did not have enough time to carry out these researches (Koschel et al., 2012). As a matter of fact, there were not enough people employed and sometimes they were overwhelmed by the population, which often required them to spend more time caring for the population than doing research and interpretation (Koschel et al., 2012).

Another reason that was given for the small number of institutions that were taking part in this kind of practice was that some of them were completely unaware of these procedures (Koschel et al., 2012). Moreover, despite the fact that they had knowledge about the practice and even had members of the staff who could perform this task, they did not have enough resources for the research (Koschel et al., 2012). As a result, they had to use the few available inputs. This approach may not be advisable with the main aim of using research intervention to get a wide variety of results. During the selection process, only those candidates, who are thoroughly researched and have the needed findings, are accepted (Koschel et al., 2012).

When there are only few materials available, the researcher may not be necessarily sure that the best option is capitalized on (Koschel et al., 2012). Some organizations have reported that the use of research based practice is held in high regard (Koschel et al., 2012). Therefore, multiple processes depend on this kind of intervention. It has also being admitted that due to this fact, the institutions are willing to make sure that only thorough researches are translated and understood, and, therefore, incorporated into their programs (Koschel et al., 2012). To conclude, the article called on more materials to be obtained by these institutions if they intended to get the best out of these processes (Koschel et al., 2012). The article also recognized the need for measures to be taken to not only sensitize the institutions in this area, but to also increase the numbers of employees who work in this area and to train them well (Haines, Kuruvilla & Borchert, 2004).

Summary

It has been stated that evidence based practice is based on research and inter-operation of the findings, which are then used in various fields, such as nursing. It is, therefore, important for the institutions or nurses participating in this kind of practice to have adequate skills. One of these skills is the ability to correctly use research methods. This feature has been stated as useful for the goal of enabling nurses to always incorporate the right kind of methods to obtain accurate results. Apart from that, it is also important for those institutions which are using this kind of intervention to make sure that they have availed their members of staff with the right amount of materials that will enable them to carry out research in the proper manner.

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