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Gain Weight Issue and Healthy Lifestyle



Introduction

Weight gain is an issue in the modern society that has affected almost all groups of people in the society. There are several reasons why people gain weight. The main causes of weight gain include depression, unhealthy lifestyle, hormonal imbalance as well as medical effect of certain drugs, such as excessive food consumption. Other factors include slow digestive motility as a result of missing certain nutrients that are needed for metabolic activity in the body; age is another contributing factor that may lead to weight gain (Pool 2009).

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Obese Patients in Prisons

As stated earlier, weight gain is a global problem faced by members of all society groups. Some people overcome the problem by means of clinical advice, others hire a nutritionist, while those who cannot afford medical treatment resort to exercise to get rid off excess weight. Clinical advice is crucial for the obese so that they are able to lose weight easily using the right methodology while paying attention to sensitivity of their bodies especially the heart. A number of obese patients die due to heart attacks, thus, it is important for them to have good healthcare especially in the period as they make efforts to lose weight.

However, not all obese patients are willing to lose weight. Some have lost hope and have decided to cope with their situation. Most families influence the decision of a patient suffering from obesity by not encouraging them to aid for clinical help. Family interventions have a lot to do with the choices of the patients (Atkins 2009). It is with this reason that all members of the society must be reached out, so that those who are willing to lose weight can acquire clinical advice and necessary healthcare as they start their journey to lose weight. Ideally, helping those who are willing can consequently reduce cases of obesity in a society. Following this, a scenario where the obese serve a sentence in a jail can be tricky but effective including one to one education sessions on how to lose weight (Chatterjee 2007).

The obese who are located in prisons are members of the society who go through much more than the rest of other obese patients. The main reason is that they do not receive special attention that other obese patients do, which might be a challenge when it comes to loosing weight. However, the more willing the patients in prisons are, the more effort is needed from them as well as from those surrounding them. A situation where a clinical team is sent to jails to take care of the obese by giving them advice explains how healthcare can be effective in some not typical areas (McGraw 2010)

The whole idea is to reach out to these members of the society who have been isolated in terms of special attention. An afternoon session by a clinical team or a whole day in a prison with obese patients can be fruitful or have no significant results when it comes to diet and lifestyle of the prisoners. Being obese does not give any prisoner added advantage in terms of better diet or facilities as they are all treated in a similar way (Trudeau 2007). In the event where administration of a prison has allowed a medical team to visit the obese and have a one to one talk on their health, a change is possible for the willing patients.

Education session must cover everything in the short period of time given to patients in a jail. The session must include all the dos and don’ts for the patients considering the environment they are in. It is in order for the prisoner health program for the obese to be given regular advice on their lifestyle despite the situation (Bragg et al. 2011) . In most of the previous cases which are evidence based, most obese prisoners lose more weight while in prison as compared to obese patients in regular social conditions. Regardless of their situation, a short one to one talk with the obese prisoners can be life changing.

The main plan is to first generalize the situation to all the obese patients in prison and assure them that they are not the only people who are going through such situation. This will make them feel more comforted about their situation and help them talk with the clinical team about the issue more freely in terms of asking questions and other kinds of participations. For instance, a patient may feel the need to ask for tools to work out which may not be found in the prison gym (Hafen et al. 2010). Also, the clinical team may offer the patients with books and magazines which will give a program to follow while they are in prison and keep a track of their weight loss. All the beneficial items and learning materials are the kind of resource that can be given to the patients within a short time given.

In addition, engaging the prisoners during the short session on a personal level would be relevant where different clinical officers to talk to the patients individually. Each patient can take about five minutes so that they can ask questions that they may not be comfortable to ask communicating in a group, since most of the obese patients, especially those in prison, tend to have self-esteem problems. While in prison such people obviously encounter all sorts of insults from the prison staff and inmates, hence giving them a chance to talk out loud wouldn’t really be effective, instead a five minute talk with each patient would bring much more positive results (Newell 2011).

Therefore, the first session of intervention will be familiarizing the patients with information that would help them lose weight. The clinical team must carry one of their volunteers who are obliged to give a testimony of the journey to those losing weight. Photos of the volunteer can be provided in order to give evidence to the patients that losing weight is possible for anyone who is willing. Following the volunteers, a session of advice is to take place where the patients are given all necessary information on healthy living and exercise in regard to their life in prison. The most common and easiest means of losing weight for inmates includes exercise and drinking water since healthy nutrition is not always available in jail. The basic diets given to inmates do not necessarily contain all the body nutrients, hence, the obese cannot depend on healthy eating programs to lose weight while in jail (Grover 2007).

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However, the diets offered in jail can contribute to reduced weight for the obese. As much as they do not contain all the necessary nutrients, they as well do not contain excess calories that may contribute to weight gain. The difference between the inmates and typical obese patients is the fact that the latter are able to consume anything they want including junk food, therefore, even if they are on a weight loss program, they do not necessarily lose weight fast. This becomes easier for the clinical team when it comes to the advice they give the inmates. Some of the issues they advice on are solely for those in prison which are very few and can be covered in a very short time. Thus, a day or a few hours with the obese inmates must be constructive and effective.

The clinical team must give advice to the inmates concerning their health condition. Transparency is a key, hence, inmates should be provided with correct information and all the risks of being overweight. Death risk is the one among the many other risks the obese in the society are facing, due to the random heart attacks (Jasper 2005). Other health risks include cases of stroke as well as heart diseases. These are the most severe that can lead to instant death. A few cases of obese inmates dying in prison due to heart failure have been reported over the years. This might be due to lack of information from the health team to the obese on how to take care of themselves while in prison.

The main intervention would definitely involve giving the needed information to the inmates and demonstrating how they will undertake the self driven program to lose weight. However, it is in order to come up with an alternative for the inmates to help them deal with their obese problem. Obesity has turned to be a global crisis especially in big cities. The number of obese people range from teenagers to young adults all the way to the elderly. It is, therefore, necessary to apply another strategy to help the obese inmates deal with their issue. A strategy that would work is tagging along with the normal obese people from the society and having a conference held at the prison. Thus, the event will be in a form of an educative program for the obese people serving their sentences (Henningfeld 2009).

The obese inmates become the host of the session held in a mode of a society event and not just an educational session for the prisoners. This way, the inmates will once again feel as a part of the society where they are able to invite guests over and host them. The guests may as well include people without weight issues, but those who front for weight loss programs and are against discrimination aligned with obesity. This can be a fun day for people in the society to relate and join hands with the inmates and, hence, make them feel loved and cared for. Such an alternative choice would still make an educational session for the obese in jail as much as it wouldn’t dwell wholly on them. The main idea of the event is to avoid making inmates feel isolated.

The motivation inmates get after an educative session will prompt them to be self driven and lose weight faster than the average people in the society. A fun day which is the alternative instead of a long day of teachings and counselling would ensure the inmates get a grasp of what it feels to be healthy in terms of spending a day with obese survivors and people without weight problems. A group of obese people will only work together if encouraged by people who have gone through similar situations. Real life testimonies would help with stories of the past and present of the survivors. Photos are an important part of a session with obese people, whereby they actually prove how much potential one has as well as the amount of weight that is possible to lose (Broom 2012).

Therefore, going with an education session strategy may not work depending on the inmates. Several other alternative plans can be used as long as the time given by the clinical officers is fully utilized and effective to the inmates. The main goal to motivate and educate the obese inmates on how to lose weight must be achieved or seen to have an effect on the latter (Loewy et al. 2004). Giving out materials to use while alone in their cells so long as they are not harmful can also be useful. The clinical team can equip a special gym for the obese inmates with the necessary tools for the patients. The clinical team must ensure the health care at the prison is informed on how to handle the obese patients and work with the patients in case they need any form of assistance.

Using the PICO methodology, the clinical health team is set to achieve a number of outcomes while working with the obese inmates. As stated earlier, the importance of the program is mostly to make them feel as a part of the society and not as people with a disease who are left out (Ghaye 2007). This will obviously be achieved through the initiative of the clinical group having a one to one talk with each of the obese patients. The most crucial session is listening to the patients and assuring them that they are able to well lose weight regardless their present social conditions. The first thing a clinical officer must do is to reassure the patients that everything will end up fine and that they are not neglected.

Moreover, the alternate choice would also ensure the inmates feel cared for and loved when other obsess members of the society come to visit them. The inmates holding a conference in the jail would mean a lot to other patients in similar conditions. (Shaw 2010).

Another main accomplishment set to be achieved through this program is improving the facilities of the obese inmates in terms of tools they use to exercise. It may appear unfair to the rest of the inmates who lack better gym devices, hence, equality must be the key. The gym should be equipped with all the necessary tools without biasness to avoid triggering conflicts amongst the inmates. The main lesson from the education session would involve exercising for the obese.

This accomplishment must be effective with the team demonstrating to the patients how to use the equipment for significant body loss. The facilities are sometimes technically difficult to master for the inmates, hence, helping them learn how to use the tools is necessary (Oz, D. & Oz, M. 2010). Consequently, this can be done in one day or during the education session. The obese patients are sensitive people who should never overwork their bodies due to the risks they undergo including death risk. Therefore, teaching them how to use the gym equipment is important and can be done within a short period of time.

Another result the clinical team aims to accomplish is not informing and educating obese patients but also initiate them to become self-driven. The education session is not only to give information and provide all the necessary materials but to leave the patients with the zeal to focus on their health status. The main goal for the patients is to reduce as much weight as possible to suit their BMI. This can only be achieved if the clinical team instigates the feeling of being self-driven people into the patients (Hazinski 2011).

The other and most crucial result is the actual weight loss of the inmates within a short period of time. During the education session all inmates must weigh and keep record of their weight, make a choice and set a target to lose a certain number of pounds. The clinical team may make a second visit to check on their progress and the main achievement would be finding a significant weight loss amongst the majority of the obese inmates. This can be done within a period of three to four months with the inmates having another exclusive session with the clinical team to check on progress.

Additionally, the clinical team may aim to make the inmates become united as an obese club where they have regular meetings to encourage each other. Uniting in a small family with people with the same problem helps most of the victims as they realize that they are not alone in the situation. The medical team should see to it that the patients form a group or a club where they can agree to meet on a weekly basis to check on each other. Likewise, the clinical team can request the prison administration to allow them to have a permanent program with the obese inmates with regular every four months visits so that they can create an avenue for the obese to become healthy with proper care, information and equipment (Walshe 2011).

Conclusion

In conclusion, this evidence based case deals with the obese members of the society serving their sentence. Prisons are harsh environment for any patient with obesity; hence they must be given a special attention. A healthy lifestyle is not enough for the inmates suffering from obesity; encouragement and regular check ups on the patients is crucial to avoid loss of lives in prisons. Statistics has shown over the years that inmates tend to lose weight faster and in a healthy way than other obese people in the society. This factor should be a motivation for accomplishment among the clinical teams in achieving the goals set to help the obese inmates counter their weight problem among other challenges they face in the jail.

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