The environment is an essential part of human existence and people are required to protect the environment for future generations as part of sustainability. They have to take care of the environment even as they rely on its resources in their daily lives. However, the global warming debate has not lacked controversy as different ecologists come up with diverse perspectives on the actual nature of climatic changes. Admittedly, global warming has massively caused diverse changes to the environment, and this has led to the development of differing perspectives on its actual nature. In some quarters, human beings have been blamed to be the sole contributors to global warming. Other ecologists affirm that human beings cannot be solely blamed for the rampant global warming since it is a natural occurrence that has been in existence from time immemorial.
The different perspectives raised on the nature of global warming have necessitated further research on global warming with a view to establishing the truth behind this disastrous happening. Other ecological perspectives on global warming relate to the actual effects on global warming on the Earth. Some believe that global warming is taking a toll on Earth a high rate while others opine that the real effects of global warming are bound to be felt centuries after now. It is vital for humans to gain an in depth understanding of their own environment and factors that might contribute to its degradation. This will be vital in the understanding of the association between human activities and global warming that has been the bone of controversy around the globe.
Cause and Effect
The current research highlights ecological arguments about climatic change that tend to revolve around diverse issues including the cause of global warming, the benefits and costs of climatic change for humans, the nature of global warming, and the resilience of ecosystems to the effects of global warming.
One of the most significant perspectives that provokes controversy among ecologists is the actual cause of global warming. A large number of ecologists believe that 95% of global warming is solely caused by human activities (Montoya and Raffaelli 2015). This emanates from the continuous human interaction with the environment hence leading to the destruction of the natural ecosystems. They affirm that humans are involved in the burning of fossil fuels that produce CO2 hence aggravating the effect of global warming. Apart from burning fossil fuels, humans tend to destroy their natural surrounding through deforestation hence contributing to the existence of global warming.
This could be explained by the rising human population that has exerted immense pressure on the Earth, consequently, widening the overall nature of global warming. Therefore, most ecologists have been of the opinion that human beings have been solely responsible for global warming since the mid-20th century. Therefore, human beings need to be educated on the significance of protecting their own environment and facilitating its prosperity instead of destroying it. Nevertheless, not all ecologists approve this idea. Others reiterate that the Earth’s climate is bound to change naturally. Human beings should not be wholly blamed for the causes of global warming, as this is bound to occur naturally through climatic changes that take place on the Earth’s surface.
Ecologists supporting natural causes of climate change affirm that wider research need to be conducted to determine the real causes of global warming instead of implicating human beings. It would be vital to understand the relationship between natural causes and the atmospheric temperature before taking a firm position on the real causes of global warming. Therefore, the real cause of global warming remains an element of controversy among many ecologists. This emanates from the diverse understandings they hold relating to the true causes of the highly debated global warming.
Additionally, ecologists have held different perspectives relating to the benefits and costs of global warming for the human population across different locations and scale. Most ecologists believe that the effects of global warming around the Earth would bear positive effects for the polar and temperate regions while having extreme effects on other regions around the globe. This implies that the effects of global warming are not similar for all human beings around the globe. They differ depending on the location of human beings around the Earth’s surface. There would be situations when some people enjoy the effects of global warming as others in further locations witness the negatives associated with global warming (Nordhaus 11724).
In line with this perspective, it can be understood that people would feel the effects of global warming depending on their situation on the Earth’s surface. However, others hold the perspective that global warming has a net negative effect on all human beings. Global warming does not come with any positive element as it is always focused on destroying the existing natural environment with undesirable elements. For instance, there have been increased cases of tornadoes, hurricanes, floods and droughts that have had devastating effects on all human beings around the world.
The effects of global warming cannot be described to have any positive effect on human beings for the reason that they mainly lead to suffering and the destruction of lives around the globe. Thus, the point of the benefits and costs of global warming cause controversy with most ecologists promoting the view that global warming should only be associated with negatives rather than positive elements on the Earth’s surface. Its effects are undesirable and the environment must be protected effectively to prevent further destruction emanating from global warming.
More so, ecologists tend to hold diverse perspectives on the nature of global warming. A large number of ecologists affirm that the warming of the climate is an unequivocal happening that can be evidenced by the rising sea and atmospheric temperatures, melting of ice, and faster rate at which the sea level is rising. This implies that global warming is not a myth anymore, as there has been tangible evidence to illustrate its overall occurrence around the world. In tandem with perspective, it is affirmed that people must stop doubting the existence of global warming and should be able to respond by taking the required actions to tame the runaway rate of global warming. This perspective is effectively supported by the National Climatic Data Center with its revelation that the global temperature has risen tremendously by around 0.7 degrees since 1880 (Djupe and Olson 284).
Thus, people should admit that climate change is an unequivocal happening that has been dominant on the Earth’s surface for a long time now. It is vital to discover new approaches to stop the high level of global warming in order to protect the Earth from further effects of the rising global warming. However, other ecologists hold the perspective that global warming cannot only be attributed to the disappearance of ice from mountain tops and rising sea levels. They believe that ice forms naturally from rain water, and the absence of rain would mean no ice on the Earth’s surface. They believe that global warming must be effectively defined to attribute it to the right causes and its real existence. It is vital to get an in depth understanding of the indicators of global warming before taking a position relating to the existence of global warming on the Earth’s surface. Thus, controversies still exist among ecologists concerning the true nature of global warming and the manner in which it exists on the Earth’s surface.
Another significant point that provokes differing perspectives among ecologists concerns the resilience of ecosystems in line with the high rate of global warming. Other ecologists believe that the resilience of ecosystems would be exceeded at a higher rate even before the end of this century, because of numerous natural catastrophes including floods, wild fires such as those in Australia and ocean acidification. In addition, they believe that natural ecosystems are becoming less resilient to other significant global change drivers such as pollution and the wide changes in land use.
Most ecologists are skeptical on the capability of the ecosystem to remain in place beyond this century because of the faster rate at which different events are happening. The reducing resilience of the ecosystem would be witnessed by the extinction of most animals before the end of this century. For instance, polar bears are one of the most endangered species that are likely to disappear soon as a result of global warming. The high rate of global warming implies that most animals and plants would have become extinct by 2050, which means the effects are to be felt within this century (Barbour, Bierwagen, and Hamilton 166).
On the other hand, other ecologists hold the perspective that the effects of global warming are still far from being felt on the Earth. The effects are likely to be felt after the end of this century as it takes time for the real effects to form and affect the existence of human beings. For instance, they believe that ice and other factors relating to the Earth’s surface will not be felt in the current century, but are bound to extend to the next century. Therefore, ecological systems can sustain themselves at the moment and remain resilient to deal with any challenges emanating from climatic change.
In conclusion, it must be appreciated that ecologists hold different perspectives relating to the controversial topic of global warming. As much as they tend to agree on some points relating to global warming, they have different explanations to put forward in order to support their individual points. The different perspectives held by ecologists emanate from their diverse forms of research and studies concerning global warming. Notably, ecologists hold different perspectives relating to the cause of global warming.
Most of them affirm that about 95% of global warming can be solely attributed to human beings and their activities. From one perspective, human beings have been the main causes of global warming, because of their activities that destroy the natural environment. From another perspective, other ecologists believe that global warming could be caused by natural forces. This happens because the Earth’s temperatures have the capability of changing at different times in the natural sense. More so, the benefits and costs of global warming attract different perspectives among ecologists. Others believe that the benefits and costs of global warming would be felt differently on the Earth’s surface depending on the location of human beings on the Earth’s surface. On the other hand, some hold the view that global warming is not beneficial to human beings in any manner since its gross effect is losses on the part of human beings and Earth.
Different perspectives can also be drawn on arguments relating to the resilience of ecosystems beyond this century. Most ecologists believe that the effects of global warming would be felt by 2050 as most animals and plants become extinct. However, this is not agreeable among all ecologists as others feel that the effects would be more felt in the next century. Overall, it is the duty of all individuals to take care of the environment to prevent further global warming.