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Child Labor in Hindi Countries



Abstract

Child labor has been a thorn in the flesh for the majority of the Hindi countries. The problem is so widespread that is has attracted the attention and extensive condemnation of the practice from all corners of the world. It is common to find children as old as 8 years working in hazardous places such as coal mines. With this in mind, this research paper seeks to unravel the extent of the problem, its causes, and the applicable and effective remedies. Some of the factors that have contributed to the encroachment of child labor in Hindu countries include the implementation of the caste system, poverty, entrenched attitudes and ignorance, and lack of education among others.

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In order to eliminate this social problem that is threatening to destroy the lives and careers of many children, this paper recommends more involvement of religious groups, greater government participation, and implementation of stricter anti-child labor rules among others. A combination of these methods would result in the establishment of a better world, in which the rights and freedom of the children of Hindi countries are upheld, thus bringing an end to the pervasive social quagmire.

Introduction: Analysis

This research paper seeks to investigate the impact of child labor in Hindi countries, its causes, and some of the applicable solutions to the quagmire of child labor. In view of this aim, child labor entails the engagement of persons under the age of 16 years to exploitative jobs, leading to the denial of basic education rights among other things. It is regarded as the worst form of abuse that children can be subjected to besides human child trafficking and child sex exploitation. Research studies of the International Labor Organization revealed that over 218 million persons aged between 5 years and 17 years are actively participating in child labor in all parts of the world. Notably, the most affected regions comprise Asian countries and the Pacific regions accounting for over 122 million cases of child labor (Yap, 2009).

Hindi countries are also experiencing the same problems just like other countries in the world. The increasing number of cases of child labor has led to an international outcry and condemnation in equal measure because of the physical and mental anguish and torture it makes on the innocent children. According to the analysis results, poverty has been accredited to be the main cause of child labor among other factors such as the caste systems, high level of unemployment, and entrenched social attitudes among others (Osment, 2014).

How Big Is the Problem of Child Labor in Hindi Countries?

The fact of using child labor in Hindi countries is a major problem that has led to the disorientation of the lives of children. It cuts across all political forces, racial profiling, religious affiliations, and socio-economic classes of not only the Hindi countries but also all the countries in the world. The problem is so extensive that Hindi countries are viewed as a hotbed of children exploitation with the majority of the children involved in child labor originating from these regions. It is a culture that is deep-rooted within the social and cultural communities of the Hindi countries (Magnier, 2015).

Previously, Hindi countries such as India promoted the culture of child labor by formulating and implementing policies that favored the vice. For example, in 1986, the country’s legislative body adopted regulations that allowed children under the age of 14 years to work in places that are non-hazardous. Hence, it further demonstrates how casual and negligent Hindi countries are towards attitude to the children. After so extensive public outrage and outcry, the High Court of India made a landmark in favor of the children that totally banned child labor within their borders in 2013. It has gone a long way in healing the natural injustices caused by child labor and restoring the rights of the children in the affected countries (Irigoyen, 2007).

The fight against child labor has consumed numerous public resources but the vice seems unending. The existence of discriminatory systems such as the caste system and the high prevalence of poverty in the Hindi countries have made it extremely difficult for the government to fight against the social vice. Child labor has threatened to lower the economic development and social potential of the citizens (Bhargava, 2003).

Causes of Child Labor in Hindi Countries

There are more than a few factors that have led to the extensive practice of child labor in Hindi countries. They include a high rate of poverty, government negligence, and lack of political will, entrenched attitudes, poor education system, and the adoption of the caste system among other causes.

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Poverty

Poverty has been cited as the major cause and the main factor for child labor practices in Hindi countries. The majority of the citizens of these countries live below the critical poverty line and inexplicably enjoy underprivileged standards of living. The fact that there is a high prevalence of poverty in Hindi countries serves only to increase the predilection for the use of child labor in the countries. In light of this, Hindi nations have allowed the practice of child labor in order to help the poverty-stricken families overcome the hard sufferings and tribulations directly related to poverty. However, such practices and mental orientations have only served to promote poverty rather than eradicate it.

Firstly, when children engage in child labor activities, they are denied the chance to attend schools and gain an education. In the fight against poverty, education provides the most powerful tool that can be used to bridge the gap between extreme poverty levels and the maintenance of good standards of living. Consequently, children who do not gain education during their young age are likely to end up in poorly paid jobs in the long run. Similarly, their children are also likely to experience the same lifestyle thus promoting the vicious cycle of poverty and children's labor use amongst their family generations (Patrinos, 2014).

Role of the Caste System

The caste system entails grouping and profiling of the children on the basis of their lineage. It takes various forms such as forward caste, scheduled caste, scheduled tribe, and other backward class, commonly known as OBC. The existence of such systems helps to create the notion that some children are born to work for others. For example, wealthy parents find it perfectly normal that children coming from poor backgrounds should work for them. In this regard, the dominant cultural groups in India and other Hindi countries ensure that their children do not work in hazardous areas. Unfortunately, they encourage the children of less dominant cultural groupings to engage in child labor. Caste systems only exist to create a working community and a ruling class, such that members of some communities will always be slaves of other castes (National Resource Centre on Child Labour (India), 2001).

It is sad that such a system exists because it promotes a culture of discrimination and division. It kills the practice of equality and fairness in the communities and beyond. Consequently, it means that all the children will never get an equal opportunity to live standard lives. Furthermore, such systems create a breeding ground for the practice of child labor and continued enlargement of the poverty gap between the dominant or ruling classes and the less privileged classes in Hindi countries (Singh, 2003).

Entrenched Attitudes

Negative attitudes held by communities towards child labor have played a significant role in fuelling the vice. The majority of the Hindi countries consider the practice of child labor as normal hence finding no reason to stamp it out of their social and economic circles. Parents found no reason in taking their children to educational institutions and hence would prefer to have them working in mining areas and other firms in order to gain some economic and financial returns.

For instance, some people find it easier to employ young children as opposed to adults largely because they are easier and cheaper to exploit. The notion that children provide a cheap source of labor has only helped to accelerate the practice of child labor, making it even harder for the governments to eradicate the vice (Osment, 2014). Such attitudes should be discouraged and condemned for the greater good of the community and the world in general.

Government Negligence and Lack of Political Will

The lack of political will in decisive stamping out child labor from Hindi countries has also contributed to the exasperation of the vice very much. In a region where poverty is taken as a way of life, governments have failed to initiate early childhood programs for the children who have lost their parents because of HIV and AIDS syndrome or other causes. In order to provide maintenance for themselves and satisfy their basic needs, children are forced to offer their services in hazardous and non-hazardous places of work.

Similarly, the legislative assemblies have shown little or no political will in fighting the social vice. For example, legislators have not taken the initiative of formulating and implementing tougher regulatory measures against the practice of child labor. Their negligent approach has only served to encourage and form a hotbed for the encroachment of the child labor use within the Hindi countries (Yap, 2009).

Ignorance and Lack of Education

The majority of Hindi countries such as India have adopted a poor education system that alienates children coming from poor backgrounds. because the reason for this is the fact that such children are not able to afford the education provided and hence would prefer remaining at home while their peers of advantaged backgrounds are at schools (Weiner, 1991). In addition, a number of parents do not see the sense of taking their children to schools in order to gain an education. As a result, they allow them to be used as a cheap source of labor in the mining firms and other industries thus promoting the practice and culture of child labor.

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Solutions to the Problem of Child Labor in Hindi Countries

In order to solve the child labor problem in Hindi countries, all stakeholders in these countries should be extensively involved. It means that governments, non-governmental organizations, religious institutions, and educational centers should work together for condemnation and eradication of child labor. Consequently, it would ensure the creation of a favorable and equitable environment for all children regardless of their social, ethnic, religious, political, or economic belonging.

More Government Involvement In the Process of Education

All governments of Hindi countries should work hand in hand with the public in order to eliminate the practice of child labor from the inside their borders. There are various ways in which the government involves the eradication of child labor. Firstly, it should find the means and ways of providing education to people whether they are poor or wealthy. The concession of free education would allow the children of poor families to attend schools and help build the economy of their country in the long run. Thus, education would enhance the living conditions of the children and discourage them from engaging in offensive labor activities (The end of child labor: Within reach, 2006).

In addition, through educational institutions, governments can educate and enlighten their people on the causes and consequences of child labor. Consequently, an informed person is in a better position to make a moral and correct decision regarding the vice of child labor. In this regard, cases of child labor are reduced significantly hence creating a favorable environment in which all the children in Hindi countries will thrive (Singh, 2003).

Religious Leaders Getting Involved

Religion is an important part of the day-to-day lives of the people of Hindi countries. Religion is deeply observed and cuts across both more dominant and less dominant communities of the Hindi countries. It is a cultural aspect that is deeply engraved in the daily lives of the people and helps to shape their ways of life and the choices that they make. In tandem with this, religious leaders tend to have a considerable impact on the majority of citizens. Often, they can essentially help in condemning the practice of child labor mostly because of the calming influence they have on the lives of their congregations. For that reason, the religious sectors should be at the forefront of the fight against child labor. Religious leaders should educate and sensitize their believers on the need to eradicate child labor and promote the positive upbringing of the children from all walks of life (The end of child labor: Within reach, 2006).

Promotion of Education Programs

Arguably, education provides Hindi countries with the most powerful tool that can be used effectively to fight the problem of child labor. It is through education the gap between poverty and wealth can be shortened. For example, the concession of the free and compulsory form of education would ensure that the children are never left idle. By engaging themselves in education systems, they will find little or no time for engaging in child labor activities. As well, sensitizing and educating the public on the negative effects of child labor would go a long way in addressing the deficits caused by child labor (Weiner, 1991). An enlightened society is, therefore, able to work hand in hand with the government on the intention of eliminating child labor in Hindi countries.

Creation of Employment Opportunities

The reason why most children are involved in child labor lies in the fact that their parents cannot provide them with basic needs such as food, shelter, and education. An initiative to create and provide more employment prospects for citizens of Hindi countries would help them improve their standards of living. As a result, people would be able to take their children to the schools of their choice and hence reduce and eliminate the issue of child labor from their communities in the long term. Employment also provides people with means of enriching their economy and improving their social status. Besides, the provision of employment is a step in the right direction towards bridging the glaring gap between the dominant classes and the less dominant classes existing in Hindi countries (Osment, 2014).

Formulation and Implementation of New Government Regulations

Governments through the legislative assemblies should help in the formation and implementation of strict rules that are aimed at protecting children against the practice of child labor. The severity regarding the perpetrators of child labor should be increased in order to discourage them and the rest of the society from engaging in child labor-related activities. The formulation of tougher regulations and the total banning of child labor practices would, therefore, ensure that the problem is solved effectively (Irigoyen, 2007).

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Conclusion

As a final point, this paper elucidates the impact of child labor in Hindi countries, its causes, and the probable solutions to the major social problem. Child labor has been defined as the active involvement of underage children in exploitative works. Its impact in Hindi countries can be felt by all the nations attracting global and international cry and condemnation. Consequently, it has resulted in both physical and mental torture for the affected children. Some of the causes that drive the notion of child labor include among others: a high rate of poverty, family negligence and level of education, poor and entrenched attitudes, implementation of the caste system, and poor education systems (Yap, 2009).

The magnitude and scale of the social vice have attracted the attention of global and international stakeholders. As consequent, numerous proposals have been flaunted forward with the intention of providing a long-lasting solution (Singh, 2003). Such precautionary and corrective measures taken against child labor include among others, government involvement, the participation of religious groups in sensitizing and educating people on the negative consequences of indulging in child labor. A combination of these methods and strategies would play a significant role in the fight against child labor (Irigoyen, 2007).

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